Pompeii

parco archeologico di pompei

Pompeii is a magical place. One of those places that you have to see at least once in your life: the city buried by lava during the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD. It offers many suggestions and visiting it is a truly exciting experience.

tour pompei

Pompeii small group tour. Discover and book on Get Your Guide

History of the Pompeii Excavations

The first evidence of stable settlements in the city of Pompeii dates back to the 7th century. B.C. by the Opici who, in a plain of volcanic origin at the mouth of the Sarno, decided to unite some scattered villages and create a single urban agglomeration surrounded by walls. In this era Pompeii was a thriving commercial center and had relationships both with the Greeks of nearby Cuma and then with the Etruscans.

Around the 5th century BC it passed under the dominion of the Samnites and in 290 BC. enters the orbit of Rome. The eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD. it decrees its end together with other small and large centers such as nearby Herculaneum. It remained buried and forgotten for centuries and we had to wait until the 18th century for it to be brought to light with the first excavations ordered by the Bourbon dynasty.

Pompeii is in full life and splendor when it is submerged by the rain of lapilli which buries it under a blanket of about six meters of volcanic material, from which only the remains of some columns and the upper part of the tallest buildings emerge. The precise number of inhabitants of the city in 1979 is not known, according to some estimates they could have been between six thousand and twenty thousand and the number of victims found in the parts brought to light so far is around one thousand one hundred and fifty people.

What to see in Pompeii

pompei la palestraA city, therefore, rather large and rich which today presents itself to us divided into 9 areas, corresponding roughly to the ancient Roman neighborhoods, and enclosed in a wall of over three km on which 7 gates opened. The road network is mainly based on two decumani and two cardini and is organized precisely to connect the monumental complexes of the city with the gates.

The Romans then built raised sidewalks on the sides and often built outside the city walls. This is visible near Porta Marina where they built the Suburban Baths and the Imperial Villa. Outside the walls we also find the necropolises, as often happened in ancient times, and several leisure villas such as the Villa of the Mysteries.

veduta di pompeiThe main area of the city is represented by the Forum on which the main city buildings overlook: the Macellum, the basilica, some important temples and public administration buildings. For the entertainment of the population there was the Amphitheatre, the oldest known in the Roman world, the theatres, the taverns and then there are the Thermal Baths, the Gymnasium for body care and over 25 lupanari for sexual entertainment.

For religious activity it could be practiced in different temples and shrines. And then you can’t help but get excited by visiting the ancient artisan workshops (there is no shortage of oil mills, ovens, hotels) and the beautiful frescoed houses. A journey to the edge of time that will not leave you indifferent.

The finds found in the excavations are preserved at the National Archaeological Museum of Naples and at the Antiquarium of Pompeii and Boscoreale.

Download the guide made available by the Superintendency of the Pompeii Excavations.

libro su Pompei di Alberto Angela

I tre giorni di Pompei. Acquista su Amazon

Hours of Pompeii

From 1 April to 31 October: 9.00am – 7.00pm (last entry 5.30pm)
From November 1st to March 31st: 9.00am – 5.00pm (last entry 3.30pm)
Closing days: 1 January, 1 May, 25 December

Tickets

Single ticket (valid for 1 day): Full €19.00 – Reduced €3.00 (including entry to Villa Regina in Boscoreale).

You can buy the ticket online on Ticketone or also on Get Your Guide, with the possibility of an audio guide.

Free entry every first Sunday of the month.

REDUCTIONS

EU citizens aged between 18 and 25 are entitled to the cost reduction. For all the discounts, consult the official page of the excavations.

Reservations are required for schools.

Guided Tours

Many guide and tour proposals are available on Get your guide.

How to get to Pompeii

ON THE TRAIN

For entry to Porta Marina and Piazza Esedra:
Circumvesuviana Naples-Sorrento (Pompei Villa dei Misteri stop)

For entry to Piazza Anfiteatro:
Circumvesuviana Naples-Poggiomarino (Pompei Santuario stop)
FS Naples – Salerno (Pompei stop)

BY CAR

Take the A3 Napoli – Salerno motorway and exit at Pompei. GPS coordinates: Pompei Scavi – Porta Marina Superiore Via Villa dei Misteri, 3, 80045 Pompeii (Naples)

BY BUS

SITA from Naples and Salerno
CSTP n.4 from Salerno
CSTP n 50 from Salerno (fast via motorway)

BY PLANE

Naples International Airport (distance 95 km), then take the Alibus to Naples central station.

Contacts

E-mail: pompei.info@cultura.gov.it
Info: +39 081 8575 347 

Good to Know!

The archaeological site of Pompeii is unmissable! Take a whole day to enjoy it all and it probably won’t be enough, it’s so rich and big!

The entrance is very close to the Circumvesuviana station and we recommend you get there by train. Parking is paid and very expensive and the area is also always very busy. So the train is definitely better. Furthermore, near the entrance, there are various bars and restaurants for a break or a complete meal.

The route is equipped with information panels and the paper guide is very exhaustive and full of details and information on the areas and houses, so you can also opt for a visit on your own.

Where to sleep in Naples

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Se sei in viaggio a Napoli, non perderti gli altri bellissimi siti vesuviani vicino Pompei. Trova anche il tempo di visitare Napoli e guarda anche gli altri siti archeologici della Campania recensiti in piattaforma!